This guide is intended as a basic introduction to the AMA citation style.
Please consult the AMA Manual of Style eBook for more examples and in-depth information.
See section: 3.11 for examples of volume, issue and page number variations.
See sections: 3.7-3.10 for author & title rules.
Foley MK, Prax B, Crowell R, Boone T. Effects of assistive devices on cardiorespiratory demands in older adults. Phys Ther. 1996;76(12):1313-1319.
Author: Foley MK, Prax B, Crowell R, Boone T.
Last name first, abbreviate first and middle names to just the first initial with no periods in between. Place a comma between multiple authors. If there are more than six authors, list the first three authors followed by et al. End with a period.
Title & subtitle of the article: Effects of assistive devices on cardiorespiratory demands in older adults.
Title and subtitle, if any, are separated by a colon. Capitalize only the first word of the title and any proper nouns. End with a period.
Title of journal: Phys Ther.
Journal titles in AMA are always abbreviated and italicized. Use the PubMed Journals Database to find out the official abbreviation for your journal. End with a period.
Year of publication: 1996;
List the year when the article was published followed by a semi-colon with no space between.
Volume and issue number: 76(12):
List the volume number with no space followed by the issue number in parentheses again with no space. See sections 3.11.3-3.11.8 for variations. Follow the parentheses with a colon.
Page numbers: 1313-1319.
If page numbers of an article run consecutively, separate beginning and ending page numbers with a hyphen. See sections 3.11.3-3.11.8 for variations. End citation with a period.
Reference: American Medical Association. AMA Manual of Style. 10th ed. Oxford, England: Oxford Universtiy Press; 2007.